Tor Projectがお届けする、テクノロジー、人権、

PrivChat は、Tor Project への寄付を募るために開催される募金イベント シリーズです。 PrivChat を通じて、コミュニティとのチャットのために専門家を招集することにより、テクノロジー、人権、およびインターネットの自由で起こっていることに関連する重要な情報をお届けします。

第5章 Pegasusから身を守る


毎年、政府、法執行機関、軍隊、および企業は、悪意のあるスパイウェア (ユーザーのデバイスに密かに侵入し、攻撃者が検出されずに内部のコンテンツを閲覧できるように設計されたソフトウェア) の構築と購入に数十億ドルを投資しています。

今年、Pegasus Project は、NSOグループが構築した「Pegasus」と呼ばれるこの種のスパイウェアを用いた攻撃者が、企業幹部、政治家、ジャーナリスト、人権活動家など、50カ国以上の数千人が所有する携帯電話を標的にしていたことを明らかにしました。

今回のPrivChatでは、Amnesty International のLikhita 氏Etienne Maynier 氏、Citizen LabのJohn Scott-Railton 氏と一緒に議論しましょう。

  • 個人、ジャーナリスト、活動家、人権擁護者は、高度なスパイウェアから身を守るために何ができるでしょうか?
  • この悪用を止めるために、私たちはどのような団体を支援すればいいのでしょうか?
  • 私たちが信頼できる、より安全でプライベートなソフトウェアを開発しているのは誰ですか?

Roger Dingledine, Co-Founder of the Tor Project, will join us as our host and moderator.


Roger Dingledine

President & Co-Founder, the Tor Project

Roger Dingledine is president and co-founder of the Tor Project, a nonprofit that develops free and open source software to protect people from tracking, censorship, and surveillance online. He works with journalists and activists on many continents to help them understand and defend against the threats they face. Roger was chosen by the MIT Technology Review as one of its top 35 innovators under 35, he co-authored the Tor design paper that won the Usenix Security "Test of Time" award, and he has been recognized by Foreign Policy magazine as one of its top 100 global thinkers.



Researcher/Adviser - Technology and Human Rights, Amnesty International

Likhita works as a Researcher and Adviser for Amnesty International's Technology and Human Rights Programme. At present, she is involved in researching targeted surveillance and internet shutdowns. She has researched online hate speech against women and minority populations in India. Previously, she also researched and exposed challenges faced by human rights defenders in India and worked extensively on hate crimes in the country. Likhita holds a master's degree in Human Rights and Humanitarian Action from Sciences Po.

Etienne Maynier

Amnesty International's Security Lab

Etienne Maynier (he/him) is an activist and researcher who investigates the impact of targeted surveillance on NGOs and human rights defenders. He is currently working as Technologist in the Amnesty International's Security Lab doing technical research.

John Scott-Railton

Senior Researcher, Citizen Lab

John Scott-Railton is a Senior Researcher at Citizen Lab (at The University of Toronto). His work focuses on technological threats in civil society, including targeted malware operations, cyber militias, and online disinformation. His greatest hits include a collaboration with colleague Bill Marczak that uncovered the first iPhone zero-day and remote jailbreak seen in the wild, as well as the use of Pegasus spyware to human rights defenders, journalists, and opposition figures in Mexico, the UAE, Canada, and Saudi Arabia. Other investigations with Citizen Lab colleagues include the first report of ISIS-led malware operations, and China's "Great Cannon," the Government of China's nation-scale DDoS attack. John has also investigated Russian and Iranian disinformation campaigns, and the manipulation of news aggregators such as Google News. John has been a fellow at Google Ideas and Jigsaw at Alphabet. He graduated with a University of Chicago and a Masters from the University of Michigan. He is completing a Ph.D. at UCLA. Previously he founded The Voices Projects, collaborative information feeds that bypassed internet shutdowns in Libya and Egypt. John's work has been covered by Time Magazine, BBC, CNN, The Washington Post, and the New York Times.